A HOLE has opened on the surface of the Sun and researchers warn that Earth ids to be bombarded by solar particles all week as a result.

Researchers have noticed a “weakly-organised hole” on the upper layer of the Sun’s atmosphere, known as the corona, which is allowing a stream of particles to escape into space. Holes like this are common, and researchers say we are now in the midst of the outpouring of solar particles which will effect Earth from May 21 through to May 23. Cosmic forecasting website Space Weather stated: “Solar wind flowing from a weakly-organised hole in the sun’s atmosphere is expected to buffet Earth’s magnetic field this week.

“This will cause geomagnetic unrest, but probably not geomagnetic storms, on May 21st through 23rd.”

As the Earth is hit by the particles, auroras could happen this week.

Auroras, which include northern lights – aurora borealis – and southern lights – aurora australis, are caused when solar particles hit the atmosphere.

As the magnetosphere gets bombarded by solar winds, stunning blue lights can appear as that layer of the atmosphere deflects the particles.

solar storm

However, researchers also not that the consequences of a solar storm can be far more severe than northern or southern lights.

For the most part, the Earth’s magnetic field protects humans from the barrage of radiation which comes from sunspots, but solar storms can affect satellite-based technology.

Solar winds can heat the Earth’s outer atmosphere, causing it to expand.

solar storm

This can affect satellites in orbit, potentially leading to a lack of GPS navigation, mobile phone signal and satellite TV such as Sky.

Additionally, a surge of particles can lead to high currents in the magnetosphere, which can lead to higher than normal electricity in power lines, resulting in electrical transformers and power stations blow outs and a loss of power.

The higher amounts of radiation also leave people vulnerable to cancer.