Artificial blood that can be used by anyone regardless of their blood type and will increase the survival rate of patients has been created by scientists . Japanese researchers from the National Defense Medical College have revealed the blood which they created in a lab. The team boast it can be transfused into patients regardless of their blood. Scientists boasted their tests on rabbits have been successful, and it is hoped to be used on humans.
It is also hoped medics will be able to use the artificial blood to help seriously injured people, and it will increase survival rates. Doctors will now no longer have to worry about limits on the amount of blood available from donors. Scientists claim their artificial blood can also be stored for a year at normal temperatures. Blood can normally be kept for only 20 days at chilled temperatures before it spoils.
Loss of blood platelets that stop bleeding, and red blood cells that carry oxygen, will lead to death.
Platelets can only be stored for four days and need to be shaken.
Professor Manabu Kinoshita said: “It is difficult to stock a sufficient amount of blood for transfusions in such regions as remote islands.
“The artificial blood will be able to save the lives of people who otherwise could not be saved.”
Scientists used the artificial blood on ten rabbits suffering from serious blood loss.
Six of them managed to survive the tests, a ratio similar to rabbits treated with real blood.
Researchers said no negative side effects were reported in the rabbits.
The team boasted that the artificial blood will increase the survival rate of injured patients.
It means doctors will be able to act more quickly rather than having to search for blood of the right type.
The team’s artificial blood consists of platelets and red blood cells – and is derived from the cell membrane.
The team’s findings were published in the US medical journal Transfusion.